Country, Inhabitant, Language (Learn Chinese)

COUNTRY, INHABITANT, LANGUAGE

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Guo2jia1 = COUNTRY (PAÍS)

Guo2min2 = INHABITANT (HABITANTE)

Yu3yan2 = LANGUAGE (IDIOMA)

 

 

  • CHINA = zhing1guo2

INHABITANT = zhong1guo2ren2

LANGUAGE = han4yu3 “or” zhong1when2

  • ENGLAND = ying1guo2

INHABITANT = ying1guo2ren2

LANGUAGE = ying1yu3

  • U.S.A = mei3guo2

INHABITANT = mei3guo2ren2

LANGUAGE = ying1yu3

 

  • SPAIN = xi1ban1ya2

INHABITANT = xi1ban1ya2ren2

LANGUAGE = xi1ban1ya2yu3

 

  • FRANCE = fa3guo2

INHABITANT = fa3guo2ren2

LANGUAGE = fa3wen2 or fa3yu3

  • ITALY = yi4da4li4

INHABITANT = yi4da4li4ren2

LANGUAGE = yi4da4li4yu3

 

  • GERMANY = de2guo2

INHABITANT = de2guo2ren2

LANGUAGE = de2yu3

 

  • JAPAN = ri4ben3

INHABITANT = ri4ben3ren2

LANGUAGE = ri4yu3

 

  • RUSSIA = e2guo2

INHABITANT = e2guo2ren2

LANGUAGE = e2yu3

The rules are:

  1. Normal rule that sets “ren2”, “wen” and “yu3” after the name of the country in each case (For example: Spain)
  2. A second rule is when the word carries “guo2” replace it with “yu3” or “wen2” in each case (For example: France, Germany, Russia…)
  3. The third rule is for certain irregular cases such as China or USA where the language is named with another word that doesn’t follow the last rules.
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