Terracotta Warriors (Populity 中国 Culture)
The Terracotta Warriors are a set of 8000 figures of warriors and horses at actual size. All these figures are within the Mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang, also known as the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor . They were discovered during construction work for water supply in March 1974 near Xi’an. They were considered a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1987 .
A little history
Burying all these statues , it was believed that the Emperor would still have troops under his command. This army was buried in battle formation in three pits , so they constructed a hangar were excavated in the ruins , known as the Warriors Army Museum.
The first pit was discovered in 1974 by accident. The pit has an area of 200 meters by 60 and contains more than 7,500 warriors, some of whom still dig . Figures measure approximately 1.80 meters high and each of these figures has different traits and characteristics : mustaches , hair , young, old and traits of different ethnicities . It is known that the head and hands are molded separately and added to the bodies. Uniforms also reflect the military ranks to which they belonged . Each soldier carried weapons such as bows , swords , spears, etc. . After the fall of the Qin Dynasty , peasants looted the tomb and stole weapons .
The second pit contains 69 figures and is known as the ” pit of the generals.” Thought to represent the staff of the army . Are visible figures of four horses.
The last pit contains about 1,000 soldiers, many of them still unrestored.
In 1980 , two car painted bronze and each of these is composed of more than 3,000 pieces were discovered. The four horses of each carriage are guided by an imperial driver. Certain studies indicate that the first carriage would pave the way for the emperor ‘s entourage while the second would be the car in which the monarch sleep .
In 2009, more warriors beardless , of approximately 17 years were discovered. This indicates that by the time children are also recruited in the army.
≡ By Sara ≡
≡ TRADUCED BY George ≡